To fertilize an egg the old-fashioned way, sperm need to be able to swim. In fact, when IVF technicians use tiny, robotically controlled glass straws to insert a single sperm inside an egg, they sometimes beat the sperm with the glass until it stops moving. The only thing that matters is the DNA inside the sperm. (CBS News) More than 3.7 million babies each year are born with help from fertility treatments. A new Australian study examines the risk for birth defects associated with the different types of assisted reproductive technology. Researchers compared risk of major birth defects - such as cerebral palsy or heart or gastrointestinal defects - among babies born with help of the most commonly available types of fertility treatments, including IVF (in vitro fertilization), ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) and ovulation induction, by reviewing a South Australian registry of more than 300,000 birth records and 18,000 birth defects. The researchers identified 6,100 assisted reproductive technology births, and found an 8.3 percent risk for any birth defect in pregnancies that involved any type of fertility treatment, compared with a 5.8 percent chance of a birth defect among pregnancies not using assisted conception. There was a 7.2 percent risk of birth defects among babies born through IVF and a 9.9 percent risk for babies born through ICSI. Eli Adashi began practicing fertility medicine in 1974, there was nothing so revolutionary as in vitro fertilization, but at least there was the drug clomiphene citrate (Clomid). Before that came to market in 1967, Adashi said with only a little exaggeration, the job of a fertility doctor was basically to refer couples who could not conceive a baby to adoption agencies. Eli Adashi began practicing fertility medicine in 1974, there was nothing so revolutionary as in vitro fertilization, but at least there was the drug clomiphene citrate (Clomid). Before that came to market in 1967, Adashi said with only a little exaggeration, the job of a fertility doctor was basically to refer couples who could not conceive a baby to adoption agencies. "To patients whose only family-building recourse was adoption, clomiphene citrate proved nothing short of life-changing." Still in wide use today, the drug works by modulating estrogen levels in women who are producing too much of the hormone to properly trigger a monthly ovulation cycle. There are many other causes of infertility that require other means to address, Adashi said, but by some estimates there are also millions of people, age 50 and younger, whom Clomid helped to make possible. The World Health Organization lists the drug among the globe's "essential medicines." In the new article, Adashi, who has studied the drug in the lab and the clinic and prescribed it thousands of times over the decades, traces the drug's development, path to market and ultimate impact. Clomid's legendary success was hardly certain, he notes. After chemist Frank Palopoli synthesized it in 1956, the William S.
What is Clomid, does it *actually* work? What are the side effects? We explain all and how it could help you get pregnant. Clomid success rates are relatively high and Clomid side effects are relatively low. However, this ovulation-inducing drug does not guarantee pregnancy, nor.