Generic Name: doxycycline (DOX i SYE kleen)Brand Names: Acticlate, Adoxa CK, Adoxa Pak, Adoxa TT, Alodox, Avidoxy, Doryx, Mondoxyne NL, Monodox, Morgidox, Oracea, Oraxyl, Periostat Targadox, Vibramycin calcium, Vibramycin Hyclate, Vibramycin monohydrate, Vibra-Tabs Medically reviewed by Kaci Durbin, MD. Doxycycline is a tetracycline antibiotic that fights bacteria in the body. Doxycycline is used to treat many different bacterial infections, such as acne, urinary tract infections, intestinal infections, respiratory infections, eye infections, gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, periodontitis (gum disease), and others. Doxycycline is also used to treat blemishes, bumps, and acne-like lesions caused by rosacea. It will not treat facial redness caused by rosacea. Some forms of doxycycline are used to prevent malaria, to treat anthrax, or to treat infections caused by mites, ticks, or lice. You should not take doxycycline if you are allergic to any tetracycline antibiotic. Children younger than 8 years old should use doxycycline only in cases of severe or life-threatening conditions. Может действовать на патогенную микрофлору не только в области межклеточного пространства, но и внутри зараженной возбудителем клетки. У чувствительных к нему микроорганизмов подавляет синтезирование протеинов и их связь с молекулой РНК. Если вы уже воспользовались Доксициклином, оставляйте отзывы в комментариях. Клинико-фармакологическая группа: антибиотик группы тетрациклина. Доксициклин выпускают в виде: В 1 капсуле содержится 100 мг доксициклина хиклата. Вспомогательные вещества: картофельный крахмал, моногидрат лактозы, стеарат кальция. Препарат Доксициклин располагает довольно широким спектром действия, ввиду чего показан к применению для лечения обширного перечня заболеваний инфекционно-воспалительного характера, что вызваны теми микроорганизмами, которые чувствительны к препарату в самых различных областях организма. Лекарственное средство принимают внутрь во время или после еды, запивая стаканом воды.
Summary Description and Clinical Pharmacology Indications and Dosage Warnings and Precautions Side Effects and Adverse Reactions Drug Interactions, Overdosage, Contraindications, Other Rx Info Active Ingredients User Ratings / Reviews Side Effect Reports Doxycycline is an antibacterial drug synthetically derived from oxytetracycline, and is available as Doxycycline Hyclate Capsules and Tablets for oral administration. To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain effectiveness of Doxycycline Hyclate Capsules and other antibacterial drugs, Doxycycline Hyclate Capsules should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy. Because many strains of the following groups of microorganisms have been shown to be resistant to doxycycline, culture and susceptibility testing are recommended. Doxycycline is indicated for treatment of infections caused by the following gram-negative bacteria, when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: Effect of doxycycline vs placebo on retinal function and diabetic retinopathy progression in mild to moderate nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy: a randomized proof-of-concept clinical trial. IMPORTANCE: Microglia have been associated with inflammatory changes underlying diabetic retinopathy. When penicillin is contraindicated, doxycycline is an alternative drug in the treatment of the following infections: -Syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum -Yaws caused by Treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue -Listeriosis due to Listeria monocytogenes -Vincent’s infection caused by Fusobacterium fusiforme -Actinomycosis caused by Actinomyces israelii -Infections caused by Clostridium species CDC STD guidelines: MMWR Recomm Rep. June 5, 20(RR3);1-137 Uncomplicated gonococcal infection of the cervix, urethra, and rectum: Ceftriaxone 250 mg IM once plus azithromycin 1 g PO once (preferred) or alternatively doxycycline 100 mg PO q12hr for 7 days Uncomplicated urethral, endocervical, or rectal infection caused by Chlamydia trachomatis: 100 mg PO BID x 7 days Nongonococcal urethritis caused by C. urealyticum: 100 mg PO BID x 7 days Syphilis (early): Patients who are allergic to penicillin should be treated with doxycycline 100 mg PO BID x 2 weeks Syphilis 1 year duration: Patients who are allergic to penicillin should be treated with doxycycline 100 mg PO BID x 4 weeks Acute epididymo-orchitis caused by N. gonorrhoeae or C trachomatis: 100 mg PO BID x least 10 days Equivalent dose of Doryx MPC is 120 mg PO BID Trachoma caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, although the infectious agent is not always eliminated as judged by immunofluorescence; also approved for inclusion conjunctivitis caused by chlamydia trachomatis 100 PO q12hr on day 1, then 100 mg PO q Day Equivalent dose of Doryx MPC is 120 mg PO q12h on day 1, then 120 mg PO q Day Indicated for Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever, rickettsial pox, and tick fevers caused by Rickettsiae 100 PO q12hr on day 1, then 100 mg PO q Day Equivalent dose of Doryx MPC is 120 mg PO q12h on day 1, then 120 mg PO q Day Suspected Bartonella infection with a negative culture: 100 mg PO BID x 6 weeks in combination with gentamicin and ceftriaxone Positive culture Bartonella infection: 100 mg PO BID x 6 weeks in combination with gentamicin or rifampin Equivalent dose of Doryx MPC is 120 mg PO BID Single dose: 7 mg/kg PO/IV; not to exceed 300 mg/dose; adjunct to fluid and electrolyte replacement Multiple dose: 2 mg/kg PO/IV twice daily on day 1; THEN, 2 mg/kg q Day on days 2 and 3; not to exceed 100 mg/dose; adjunct to fluid and electrolyte replacement Anorexia Dental discoloration Diarrhea Dysphagia Enterocolitis Erythema multiform Esophageal ulcer Esophagitis Exacerbation of systemic lupus erythematosus Exfoliative dermatitis Glossitis Headache Hemolytic anemia Hepatotoxicity Hypoglycemia Inflammatory anogenital lesion Intracranial hypertension Nausea Neutropenia Pericarditis Serum sickness Skin hyperpigmentation Toxic epidermal necrolysis Thrombocytopenia Upper abdominal pain Urticaria Vomiting Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms Not drug of choice for any staphylococcal infection Risk of thrombophlebitis when given IV History of candidiasis overgrowth Hepatotoxicity may occur; if symptoms occur, measure LFTs and discontinue drug Photosensitivity may occur with prolonged exposure to sunlight or tanning equipment; reduce dose in renal impairment May increase BUN due to its anti-anabolic effects; use caution in patients with renal impairment Consider drug serum level determinations in prolonged therapy Tetracycline use during tooth development (last half of pregnancy through age 8 years) can cause permanent discoloration of teeth; use doxycycline in pediatric patients 8 years of age or less only when potential benefits expected to outweigh risks in severe or life-threatening conditions (e.g., anthrax, Rocky Mountain spotted fever); particularly when there are no alternative therapies Superficial discoloration of adult permanent dentition, reversible upon drug discontinuation and professional dental cleaning has reported; permanent tooth discoloration and enamel hypoplasia may occur with drugs of tetracycline class when used during tooth development Fanconi-like syndrome may occur with outdated tetracyclines Intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri) reported (rare) may occur; symptoms include headache, blurred vision, diplopia, and vision loss; papilledema can be found on funduscopy; women of childbearing age who are overweight or have a history of IH are at greater risk; possibility for permanent visual loss exists; if visual disturbance occurs during treatment, prompt ophthalmologic evaluation is warranted; intracranial pressure can remain elevated for weeks after drug cessation; monitor patients until they stabilize Doxycycline offers substantial but not complete suppression of asexual blood stages of Plasmodium strains; doxycycline does not suppress P. falciparum’s sexual blood stage gametocytes; subjects completing prophylactic regimen may still transmit infection to mosquitoes outside endemic areas Prolonged use may result in superinfection Overgrowth of non-susceptible organisms, including fungi, may occur; if such infections occur, discontinue use and institute appropriate therapy May induce hyperpigmentation in many organs including skin, eyes, nails, thyroid and bone If Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea suspected or confirmed, may need to discontinue ongoing antibacterial use not directed against C. difficile; may also need to institute appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibacterial treatment of C. difficile, and surgical evaluation as clinically indicated Use in pediatric patients 8 years of age or less only when potential benefits are expected to outweigh risks in severe or life-threatening conditions (e.g., anthrax, Rocky Mountain spotted fever), particularly when there are no alternative therapies Severe skin reactions, such as exfoliative dermatitis, erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, and drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) reported; if severe skin reactions occur, discontinue therapy immediately and institute appropriate therapy Not studied in pregnant patients; the vast majority of reported experience with doxycycline during human pregnancy is short-term, first trimester exposure; there are no human data available to assess effects of long-term therapy of doxycycline in pregnant women, such as that proposed for treatment of anthrax exposure; it should not be used in pregnant women unless, in judgment of physician, it is essential for welfare of patient; evidence of embryotoxicity has been noted in animals treated early in pregnancy Tetracyclines are excreted in human milk; however, extent of absorption of tetracyclines, including doxycycline, by breastfed infant is not known; short-term use by lactating women is not necessarily contraindicated; however, effects of prolonged exposure to doxycycline in breast milk are unknown;11 because of potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from doxycycline, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account importance of drug to mother Inhibits protein synthesis and, thus, bacterial growth by binding to 30S and possibly 50S ribosomal subunits of susceptible bacteria; may block dissociation of peptidyl t-RNA from ribosomes, causing RNA-dependent protein synthesis to arrest. Solution: D5W, NS Additive: Ranitidine Syringe: Doxapram Y-site (partial list): Acyclovir, amiodarone, aztreonam, hydromorphone, linezolid, Mg SO4, meperidine, meropenem (comp at 1 mg/m L mero and 1 mg/m L doxy; incomp at 50 mg/m L mero and 1 mg/m L doxy), morphine SO4, propofol, remifentanil The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only.
If these effects are mild, they may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. If they’re more severe or don’t go away, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. Call your doctor right away if you have serious side effects. Call 911 if your symptoms feel life-threatening or if you think you’re having a medical emergency. Serious side effects and their symptoms can include the following: Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible side effects. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always discuss possible side effects with a healthcare provider who knows your medical history. In some cases, they may not be available in every strength or form as the brand-name version. Doxycycline General Description: Doxycycline is an oral tetracycline antibiotic used in dogs and cats to treat many bacterial infections, especially those carried by ticks. To reduce stomach upset, give doxycycline with a meal. Doxycycline is available as tablets, capsules, oral suspension or as an injection. A gel formula is also used after some dental procedures. • A tetracycline antibiotic • Given by mouth or as a dental preparation Reasons for prescribing: • Useful to treat a variety of bacterial infections in dogs and cats including leptospirosis, toxoplasmosis and many diseases carried by ticks • Gel formulation is used in dogs after dental surgery to fight bacteria causing periodontal disease What dogs/cats should not take this medication? • Pets known to have had an allergic reaction to doxycycline or other antibiotics • Use with caution in pregnant females • Nursing females and young animals Directions: For liquids, shake well before accurately measuring the dose. Give with food to reduce the incidence of vomiting. If it is time already for the next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to the normal schedule. What to tell/ask veterinarian before giving medication? When pilling cats, ensure that the medication is followed by at least a teaspoon of water or a favorite liquid (tuna water). Give doxycycline 1-2 hours before or after any supplements or medications containing aluminum, calcium, magnesium or zinc. Ideally, give the medication at the same time daily. Talk to your veterinarian about: • When will your pet need to be rechecked • What tests may need to be performed prior to and during treatment with this drug • Risks and benefits of using this drug Tell your veterinarian about: • If your pet has experienced side-effects on other drugs/products • If your pet has experienced digestive upset now or ever • If your pet has experienced liver disease now or ever • If your pet has experienced any other medical problems or allergies now or ever • All medicines and supplements that you are giving your pet or plan to give your pet, including those you can get without a prescription.
Doxycycline is an oral drug used to treat infections and acne, and to prevent malaria. It's sold as aHighlights for doxycycline. Doxycycline oral tablet is available as both a generic and brand-name. Doxycycline Hyclate Tablets prescription and dosage sizes information for physicians and healthcare professionals. Pharmacology, adverse reactions, warnings and side effects.