.pass_color_to_child_links a.u-margin-left--xs.u-margin-right--sm.u-padding-left--xs.u-padding-right--xs.u-absolute.u-absolute--center.u-width--100.u-flex-align-self--center.u-flex-justify--between.u-serif-font-main--regular.js-wf-loaded .u-serif-font-main--regular.amp-page .u-serif-font-main--regular.u-border-radius--ellipse.u-hover-bg--black-transparent.u-hover-bg--black-transparent:hover. Content Header .feed_item_answer_user.js-wf-loaded . Clonidine (N-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-amine) is an α2-agonist agent which, in humans, has been used primarily as an antihypertensive agent, sedation being an unwanted side effect. From: may be used as part of a multimodal approach to treat chronic pain in animals that have developed a tolerance to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or opioids or those with pain that is unresponsive to opioid treatment.-agonists, including central nervous system (CNS) depression, respiratory depression, bradycardia, and transient hypertension followed by normotension or mild hypotension. These effects are less pronounced than with dexmedetomidine. during the 12 hours before surgery, in order to reduce anxiety. During induction of anesthesia with oxygen, sevoflurane and nitrous oxide the child developed severe bradycardia and hypotension and was successfully resuscitated. performed a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial on 34 children (7–13 years) with TS and ADHD of normal intellect. Each subject received in a randomly assigned fashion, 1-week medication cycles with either did not significantly reduce outcome measures for ADHD, including parent and teacher Child Behavior Checklists (CBCL), continuous performance tests, and executive functioning tests, with the exception of the “nervous/overactive” subscale of the CBCL.
Clonidine, sold as the brand name Catapres among others, is a medication used to treat high blood pressure, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, drug withdrawal (alcohol, opioids, or smoking), menopausal flushing, diarrhea, and certain pain conditions. Clonidine is used to treat high blood pressure, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), drug withdrawal (alcohol, opioids, or smoking), menopausal flushing, diarrhea, and certain pain conditions. It can alleviate opioid withdrawal symptoms by reducing the sympathetic nervous system response such as tachycardia and hypertension, as well as reducing sweating, hot and cold flashes, and general restlessness. Clonidine also has several off-label uses, and has been prescribed to treat psychiatric disorders including stress, sleep disorders, and hyperarousal caused by post-traumatic stress disorder, borderline personality disorder, and other anxiety disorders. Clonidine has also been used to treat refractory diarrhea associated with irritable bowel syndrome, fecal incontinence, diabetes, withdrawal-associated diarrhea, intestinal failure, neuroendocrine tumors and cholera. The reduction in circulating norepinephrine by clonidine was used in the past as an investigatory test for phaeochromocytoma, which is a catecholamine-synthesizing tumour, usually found in the adrenal medulla. In a clonidine suppression test plasma catecholamine levels are measured before and 3 hours after a 0.3 mg oral test dose has been given to the patient. It crosses the blood-brain barrier and acts in the hypothalamus to induce a decrease in blood pressure. It may also be administered as an epidural infusion as an adjunct treatment in the management of severe cancer pain that is not relieved by opiate analgesics alone. Clonidine may be used for differential diagnosis of pheochromocytoma in hypertensive patients. Other uses for clonidine include prophylaxis of vascular migraine headaches, treatment of severe dysmenorrhea, management of vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause, rapid detoxification in the management of opiate withdrawal, treatment of alcohol withdrawal used in conjunction with benzodiazepines, management of nicotine dependence, topical use to reduce intraocular pressure in the treatment of open-angle and secondary glaucoma and hemorrhagic glaucoma associated with hypertension, and in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Clonidine may be used for differential diagnosis of pheochromocytoma in. Clonidine also exhibits some peripheral activity. clonidine. Mechanism of action. UpToDate, electronic clinical resource tool for physicians and patients that provides information on Adult Primary Care and Internal Medicine, Allergy and.