Generic Name: doxycycline (DOX i SYE kleen)Brand Names: Acticlate, Adoxa CK, Adoxa Pak, Adoxa TT, Alodox, Avidoxy, Doryx, Mondoxyne NL, Monodox, Morgidox, Oracea, Oraxyl, Periostat Targadox, Vibramycin calcium, Vibramycin Hyclate, Vibramycin monohydrate, Vibra-Tabs Medically reviewed by Kaci Durbin, MD. Doxycycline is a tetracycline antibiotic that fights bacteria in the body. Doxycycline is used to treat many different bacterial infections, such as acne, urinary tract infections, intestinal infections, respiratory infections, eye infections, gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, periodontitis (gum disease), and others. Doxycycline is also used to treat blemishes, bumps, and acne-like lesions caused by rosacea. It will not treat facial redness caused by rosacea. Some forms of doxycycline are used to prevent malaria, to treat anthrax, or to treat infections caused by mites, ticks, or lice. You should not take doxycycline if you are allergic to any tetracycline antibiotic. Children younger than 8 years old should use doxycycline only in cases of severe or life-threatening conditions. Staphylococci--commonly called staph--cause a variety of human infections, including boils, skin infections (cellulitis), food poisoning, pneumonia, bone and blood stream infections and toxic shock syndrome. One species of staphylococci called Staphylococcus aureus, or S. Antibiotics cure staph infections by killing the bacteria. The choice of antibiotic and the dosage depend on the site of the infection and the bacteria’s susceptibility to the drug. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports the overwhelming majority of S. aureus bacteria are resistant to penicillin, which means the drug is not able to kill these bacteria. However, some strains are susceptible to killing by modified, penicillin-like antibiotics including nafcillin, oxacillin and dicloxacillin. Your doctor will determine the appropriate dose and duration of treatment based on the type of staph infection you have.
Antibiotic regimens are effective in more than 90% of patients. However, all but the smallest of abscesses require drainage for resolution, regardless of the microbiology of the infection. In many instances, if the abscess is relatively isolated, with little surrounding tissue involvement, drainage may suffice without the need for antibiotics. Note that management of cellulitis may be complicated because of the emergence of methicillin-resistant Most community-acquired MRSA infections (CA-MRSA) are apparently susceptible to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and tetracycline. In 2011, the IDSA published updated guidelines regarding management of MRSA in adults and children, and in 2012, the updated IDSA guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Diabetic Foot Infections were published. Consider consulting an infectious disease specialist if the patient is not improving with standard treatment or if an unusual organism is identified; a critical care specialist for patients who are systemically ill and require admission to a critical care unit; or an ophthalmologist in cases of orbital cellulitis. If tinea pedis is suspected to be the predisposing cause, treat with topical or systemic antifungals. Health care–associated MRSA (HA-MRSA) is related to hospitals and long-term care facilities and is common in patients with prolonged hospitalization, past antimicrobial usage, decubitus ulcers, dialysis, indwelling catheters, enteral feedings, or history of IV drug abuse. In recent years, however, there has been an increase in a new strain of MRSA called community-associated MRSA (CA-MRSA). This seems to be acquired in the outpatient setting, and transmission is through close physical contact such as in day care centers, Indian reservations, and correctional facilities and among athletes, military personnel, and men who have sex with men. Several reports have revealed differences between HA-MRSA and CA-MRSA strains, including the presence of different genotypes between the two strains. CA-MRSA is susceptible to several non-beta-lactam antibiotics, while HA-MRSA strains are not. CA-MRSA strains are more likely to encode certain virulent factors that have been associated with severe pneumonia (especially in children) and skin and soft tissue infections in adults. The CDC has established the criteria for differentiating CA-MRSA from HA-MRSA.
Oral treatment is the norm; your doctor will determine the appropriate length of treatment based on the type of infection you have. Linezolid and Daptomycin Linezolid and daptomycin are effective for serious MRSA infections such as pneumonia, bone infections, sepsis and severe skin infections. Jan 28, 2016. MRSA is resistant to first line antibiotics, leaving clinicians with limited treatment options, but. shows promise that a novel combination of antibiotics can be used to treat MRSA.2. treatment options, we have Clindamycin, Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, Doxycycline. What did you think about the article?