One of the more commonly prescribed drugs in veterinary medicine is the drug Prednisone. The most common use of this medication is as an anti-inflammatory agent used in a wide variety of chronic diseases, including: Prednisone has also been used as an immune suppressive agent in immune mediated disorders of the body, as well as part of many chemotherapy protocols. When used appropriately, short-term use of Prednisone does not have a lot of side effects in animals; however, when used long- term, there are increased risks of toxicity and side effects. What are the side-effects of Prednisone in dogs and cats? Common side effects include increased thirst/urination, appetite and respiratory rate, as well as changes in behavior from lethargy to hyperexcitability. Secondary organ problems of the pancreas (including diabetes and pancreatitis), liver and adrenal glands may occur as well as thinning of the bone and skin. In addition, secondary viral and/or bacterial infections in any organ system may occur, especially of the urinary tract and skin. In some sensitive pets, gastrointestinal erosion and ulceration may occur, leading to bleeding and possibly anemia. Lymphoma is one of the most common cancers in dogs. It originates from a mutation and proliferation of a type of white blood cell called a lymphocyte. By the time of diagnosis, this cancer typically affects multiple different areas of the body at once. For this reason, it is not often a disease that is treated with surgery. Chemotherapy is administered with the primary goal of fighting cancer while maintaining a very good quality of life for the pet. Diagnosis: There are over 40 different kinds of lymphoma diagnosed in our dogs. Definitive diagnosis of this cancer type requires a biopsy tissue sample often obtained with a small needle-core biopsy that can be done under heavy sedation and pain medications. Alternatively, most oncologists feel comfortable diagnosing high-grade, lymphoma based on a fine-needle aspirate, cytology and potentially further molecular diagnostics. Although this will not give you a definitive diagnosis, the vast majority of cases will provide very high-suspicion of lymphoma.
Drugs, each of which works differently in the body and has its own set of potential side effects? Read on to learn exactly what you are giving your dog and what problems you should watch out for. Glucocorticoids are by far the most common type of steroid used in veterinary medicine. The list of glucocorticoid drugs is long and includes such familiar names as prednisone, prednisolone, triamcinolone, betamethasone, dexamethasone, flumethasone, fludrocortisone, hydrocortisone, and methylprednisolone. At relatively low doses, glucocorticoids reduce inflammation. Glucocorticoids are commonly used to treat allergies and immune-mediated diseases but may also be prescribed if a dog has Addison’s disease (see the next section), to treat shock, or in the therapeutic protocol for some types of cancer. Glucocorticoids can be given by injection, orally, topically, or by inhalation. The short term use of glucocorticoids is generally quite safe, but when they have to be given at especially high doses, over long periods of time, or cannot be tapered to at least every other day use, side effects such as the following become more likely: ulcers - muscular weakness - abnormal behaviors - the development of Cushing’s disease Serious side effects are much more likely if glucocorticoid medications have to be given systemically (by mouth or injection) rather than locally (e.g., inhaled, applied to the skin, or as eye drops). Prednisone is a steroid that significantly impairs the body's natural immunity against infections and diseases. However, at the same time, prednisone is helpful in managing autoimmune diseases and uncontrolled inflammatory processes within the body. While prednisone therapy is associated with a number of positive benefits and therapeutic advantages, it is also associated with certain side effects and complications, one of which is acne. Acne caused by prednisone is often referred to as acneiform eruption. Although virtually any person who is on prednisone therapy can develop acne, it is most frequently reported in individuals who have a history of adolescent acne. Androgens, including testosterone and estrogen, which contribute to the development of adolescent acne, are similar in chemical composition to glucocorticoids or prednisone. Acne caused by prednisone is mainly concentrated on or around the face, chest, upper back and neck region, but can involve any or every part of the body, including uncommon areas like the shoulders, abdomen, thighs, groin etc.
Uses of Prednisone/Prednisolone for Dogs and Cats; Since prednisone has effects on nearly every body system, the uses of this drug are wide and varied. The drugs prednisone/prednisolone are used to treat allergies, inflammations and autoimmune diseases when the underlying cause cannot be treated or prevented. Find Prednisone itchy skin treatment for cats and dogs at